Hellenistic/Ptolemaic Period (332 B.C.-30 B.C.)
Egypt ruled by the heirs of Alexander the Great.
Includes the Dynasty of Macedonia and the Dynasty of Ptolemy.
Dynasty of Macedonia (332 b.c.-310 b.c.)
Kings Setpenre-meryamun (Alexander III- 332-323)
Setepkaenre-meryamun (Philippos Arrhidaes- 323-317)
Haaibre (Alexander IV- 317-310)
Dynasty of Ptolemy (310 b.c.- 30 b.c.)
Kings Setpenre-meryamun (Ptolemy I Soter- 310-282)
Userka(en)re-meryamun (Ptolemy II Philadelphos- 285-246)
Iwaennetjerwysenwy-setpenre-sekhemankhen-amun (Ptolemy III Euergetes I- 246-222)
Iwaennetjerwymenek-hwysetpenptah-userkare-sekhemankhenamun (Ptolemy IV Philopator- 222-205)
Iwaennetjerwy-merwyyot-setpenptah-userkare-sekhemankhenamun (Ptolemy V Epiphanes- 205-180)
Iwaennetjerwyperwy-setpenptahkhepri-irimaetamunre (Ptolemy VI Philometor- 180-164)
Iwaennetjerwyperwy-setpenptah-irimaetre-sekhemankenamun (Ptolemy VII Euergetes- 170-163)
Ptolemy VI (again[does this mean same person or simply same name?]- 163-145)
? (Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator- 145)
Ptolemy VIII (again[does this mean same person or simply same name?]-145-116
Iwaennetjermenekhnet-jeretmerymutesnedjet-sepenptah-merymaetre-sekhemankhamun (Ptolemy IX Soter II- 116-110)
Iwaennetjermenekh-netjeretmenekhsatre-setpenptah-irimaetre-senenankhenamun (Ptolemy X Alexander I- 110-109)
Ptolemy IX (again[does this mean same person or simply same name?]- 109-107
Ptolemy X (again[does this mean same person or simply same name?]- 107-88
Ptolemy IX (again[does this mean same person or simply same name?]- 88-80
? (Ptolemy XI- 80)
Iwaenpanetjerentine-hem-setpenptah-merymaetenresekhemankhamun (Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos- 80-58)
Ptolemy XII (again[does this mean same person or simply same name?]- 55-51
Kleopatra VII Philopator- 51-30
? (Ptolemy XIII- 51-57????)
? (Ptolemy XIV- 47-44)
Iwaenpanetjerentinehem-setpenptah-irimeryre-sekhemankhamun (Ptolemy XV Kaisaros- 41-30)
With the dissolution of Alexander’s empire, Egypt came under the rule of the Macedonian Ptolemaic Dy for some three centuries, until the defeat of Kleopatra VII in 30 b.c. brought the country into the Roman Empire.
**Misc. everyday living facts:
**Language & Writing:
Literature depicted an increasing Greek influence. The various scripts of the Egyptian language remained unchallenged in Egypt until the end of the Late Period, when the country fell under the yoke of foreign empires. With the influx of Greek settlers and with the ruling class becoming composed of Greeks, Greek writing became widely used. It served with demotic as the main administrative medium, and appeared alongside it and hieroglyphic text on a number of monumental decrees.
Particularly common in temples were scenes which depicted the monarch making offerings to the temple gods, accompanied by texts describing the rituals, and sometimes lengthy mythological inscriptions including hymns and narratives relating to the relevant deities.