**Timeframe: After Egyptian Rulers Fell to Rome
Roman Period- 30 b.c.- 395 a.d.
Egypt made a Roman Province.
Byzantine Period- 395 a.d.-640 a.d. (also called Coptic Period)
Egypt part of the Eastern Empire, based on Constantinople.
Arab Period- 640 a.d.-1517 a.d.
The General Amr conquers Egypt for the Kaliphs.
Ottoman Period- 1517 a.d.-1805 a.d.
The Turkish Sultan Selim I invades and incorporates the country into his Empire.
Khedeval Period- 1805 a.d.-1914 a.d.
British Protectorate- 1914 a.d.-1922 a.d.
Monarchy- 1922 a.d.-1953 a.d.
Republic- 1953 a.d.- present day
With the dissolution of Alexander’s empire, Egypt came under the rule of the Macedonian Ptolemaic Dy for some three centuries, until the defeat of Kleopatra VII in 30 b.c. brought the country into the Roman Empire.
**Misc. everyday living facts:
**Language & Writing:
Demotic. (Middle & Late Egyptian continue to be used for monumental texts into the Roman Period.) Late Egyptian Demotic used (a fully distinct variety of hieratic writing, with only a tenuous resemblance to hieroglyphs). It was primarily employed for administrative purposes, although some funerary books were prepared using it. It was designed to be written with a pen on papyrus, but there are also carved versions.
Literature depicted an increasing Greek influence. Particularly common in temples were scenes which depicted the monarch making offerings to the temple gods, accompanied by texts describing the rituals, and sometimes lengthy mythological inscriptions including hymns and narratives relating to the relevant deities.
Last known hieroglyphic inscription was carved in 394 a.d. after the Empire became Christian. This took place in the last great stronghold of paganism- the temple-isle of Philae, the cult-centre of the goddess Isis since the Late Period.
Demotic used during Roman and Bysantine Periods. Late Egyptian Demotic used (a fully distinct variety of hieratic writing, with only a tenuous resemblance to hieroglyphs). It was primarily employed for administrative purposes, although some funerary books were prepared using it. It was designed to be written with a pen on papyrus, but there are also carved versions.
Coptic- based on the Greek alphabet, with the addition of certain signs from demotic to write sounds not found in the Greek language- progressively replaced demotic in regular use. It was gradually superceded by the Arabic script and language from the 7th century AD onwards, and went out of daily use around the 16th century.
***Not in timeline...not enough detail to be meaningful. Add when have more details.